Roughly seven hundred physicians complete orthopedic residency coaching per year within the United States. About 10% of present orthopedic surgical procedure residents are women; about 20% are members of minority teams. Around 20,400 actively training orthopedic surgeons and residents are in the United States. According to the latest Occupational Outlook Handbook (2011–2012) printed by the United States Department of Labor, 3 to 4% of all practicing physicians are orthopedic surgeons. In the United States, orthopedic surgeons have typically accomplished four years of undergraduate schooling and 4 years of medical faculty and earned both a Doctor of Medicine or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine diploma.